The most important relationship between diet and osteoarthritis is weight. Excess body weight is not good for joint health. If you are overweight or obese, then losing some weight will help to take the strain off your knees, hips, feet and lower back, and improve your overall physical health and mobility. Eating a healthy diet that supports a healthy weight can help reduce the symptoms of osteoarthritis. When combined with regular exercise, weight loss will help to reduce the joint pain and stiffness associated with osteoarthritis, including osteoarthritis in the hands. The likelihood of developing other serious medical conditions such as diabetes, hypertension (high blood pressure), heart disease and some cancers is increased in people who are overweight or obese. Losing excess weight will also help to prevent or manage these conditions.
If you are above a healthy weight, weight loss through healthy eating and physical activity will help to reduce the joint pain and stiffness associated with osteoarthritis, as well as reducing your risk of other medical conditions. Healthy weight loss is 1-2lbs per week. For local weight loss services click here.
Glucosamine and chondroitin are two popular supplements commonly used, with some people experiencing some benefits. However, it is important to note, that the National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE) does not recommend the prescription of any supplement, including glucosamine and chondroitin, due to the limited and conflicting scientific evidence.
Following a healthy balanced diet should contain all the nutrients your body needs. Taking a good quality multivitamin/mineral supplement may support your health if you are eating a restricted diet or your appetite is poor, but you should speak to a health professional first.