Osteoarthritis is the degeneration of the articular cartilage in joints, which involves inflammation, pain and disability. It is the most common form of arthritis and one of the main causes of disability in the UK. One in three people over the age of 65 suffers from osteoarthritis and over two thirds people over 70. Under the age of 50 it is more common amongst men, and over 50 it is more prevalent amongst women.
The National institute for Health and Care and Excellence (NICE) recommends undertaking exercise as core treatment to ease the symptoms of osteoarthritis. These may include resistance training, aerobic exercise and local muscle strengthening. If you suffer from osteoarthritis, always speak to your doctor or a qualified exercise professional before undertaking exercise. Evidence shows that patient education and lifestyle modification is key to successfully manage osteoarthritis.
Symptoms and Risk Factors
The condition is commonly characterised by constant joint pain localised to the affected area, stiffness and crepitus (cracking noise that occurs when the joints cannot move smoothly). Most sufferers experience continuous pain or are limited in their scope to perform everyday tasks.
Diagnosis can normally be made with acute symptoms of pain and stiffness. With progression, symptoms may worsen and the affected joint can appear larger.
The National institute for Health and Care and Excellence (NICE) recommends undertaking exercise as core treatment to ease the symptoms of Osteoarthritis. These may include resistance training, aerobic exercise and local muscle strengthening.