The condition is commonly characterised by constant joint pain localised to the affected area, stiffness and crepitus (cracking noise that occurs when the joints cannot move smoothly).
Most sufferers experience continuous pain or are limited in their scope to perform everyday tasks. The pain and discomfort associated with osteoarthritis can lead to changes in mood, sleep and coping abilities. Osteoarthritis can also lead to osteoporosis which can be prevented by undertaking appropriate, regular exercising.
- Genetics (40-60%)
- Poor physical fitness
- Weak thigh muscles
- Excess weight
- Injury, including recreational trauma, occupation resulting in repetitive strain injury
- The presence of other musculoskeletal conditions affecting the cartilage such as rheumatoid arthritis or gout
- Low intake of Vitamin C and Vitamin D